English Full Article Citation


Julius Njiri , California Miramar University, USA
Levi Mbugua , Technical University of Kenya, Kenya
Kellen Kiambati, Karatina University, Kenya
Dominic Mwenja, California Miramar University, USA


In Kenya, the number of private schools has increased more than four times since the introduction of the Free Primary Education (FPE) policy in 2003. The number of children attending private primary schools increased from 4.6% in 2004 to 11.5% in 2007. With such increment, there has been challenges on the determinants of growth of education institutions. It is against this background that the study examined the influence of physical planning on the growth of private primary schools in Kenya. the study was anchored in the resource dependency view where the managers of institutions have the ability to acquire, Plan and maintain resources that are important to the growth of an organization. The target population in this study comprised of 7,418 private primary schools in all eight regions of Kenya. Cluster sampling technique was employed of 50% of the target regions were sampled, leading to four out of eight regions being selected. From these regions random sampling was then used to select 320 respondents who were either the principals’/Head teachers or deputy principal of the schools. A questionnaire was used to collect data and Structural Equation Modeling was used to analyse data. The study found a strong and significant correlation between physical planning and growth of primary schools. This study therefore recommended that physical planning was an important factor in determining growth of private schools. The study further recommends that owners of private primary schools should be aware of the facilities that are crucial and most important to students in the teaching and learning. This will intern influence the growth of the private primary schools in Kenya.

Kenya, schools management, structural equation modeling


En Kenia, el número de escuelas privadas se ha multiplicado por cuatro desde la introducción de la política de educación primaria gratuita (FPE) en 2003. El número de niños que asisten a escuelas primarias privadas aumentó del 4,6% en 2004 al 11,5% en 2007. Con tal incremento, ha habido desafíos sobre los determinantes del crecimiento de las instituciones educativas. Es en este contexto, el estudio examinó la influencia de la planificación física en el crecimiento de las escuelas primarias privadas en Kenia. El estudio se basó en la teoría de la dependencia de recursos, donde los gerentes de las instituciones tienen la capacidad de adquirir, planificar y mantener los recursos que son importantes para el crecimiento de una organización. La población objetivo de este estudio comprendió 7,418 escuelas primarias privadas en las ocho regiones de Kenia. Se empleó la técnica de muestreo por conglomerados del 50% de las regiones objetivo que se muestrearon, lo que llevó a la selección de cuatro de las ocho regiones. A continuación, se utilizó un muestreo aleatorio de estas regiones para seleccionar a 320 encuestados que eran los directores / directores o subdirectores de las escuelas. Se utilizó un cuestionario para recopilar datos y se utilizó el modelado de ecuaciones estructurales para analizar los datos. El estudio encontró una correlación fuerte y significativa entre la planificación física y el crecimiento de las escuelas primarias. Por lo tanto, este estudio recomendó que la planificación física era un factor importante para determinar el crecimiento de las escuelas privadas. El estudio recomienda además que los propietarios de escuelas primarias privadas sean conscientes de las instalaciones que son cruciales y más importantes para los estudiantes en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. Esto influirá en el crecimiento de las escuelas primarias privadas en Kenia.

Palabras clave
Kenia, gestión escolar, modelo de ecuaciones estructurales

10 August 2020

11 November 2020

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.


Njiri, J.; Mbugua, L.; Kiambati, K.; & Mwenja, D. (2021). Physical planning and growth of private primary schools in Kenya. Journal of Management and Business Education, 4(1), 33-43.


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