Article

THE IMPACT OF COLLECTIVISM ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY ON WORK-LIFE BALANCE AND LIFE SATISFACTION RELATIONSHIP: A UK – SPAIN COMPARISON🔗

EL IMPACTO DE LA ORIENTACIÓN AL COLECTIVISMO E IDENTIDAD DE GÉNERO EN LA RELACIÓN ENTRE CONCILIACIÓN DE LA VIDA LABORAL-PERSONAL Y SATISFACCIÓN CON LA VIDA EN REINO UNIDO Y ESPAÑA🔗

English Full Article Citation Award
 
Best Paper Award on Business Education” Fundación Camilo Prado
SLEEE 2020 - Seminario Luso-Espanhol de Economía Empresarial

Author(s)🔗

Irene Valero Pizarro , University of the West of England, England
Gamze Arman , University of the West of England, England

https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2021.0004

Abstract🔗

Difficulties in balancing work and non-work roles have a negative impact on an individual’s life satisfaction. This study investigates the relationship between work-life balance and life satisfaction across the United Kingdom and Spain. It also explores the moderating effects of individual orientations of collectivism and gender identity. The used scales measured Work-life Balance (WLB), Life Satisfaction (LS), Collectivism vs. Individualism orientations, and Gender identity. Collectivism/Individualism was measured and analysed at individual-level rather than at cultural-level. Data was collected from 52 British and 69 Spanish full-time employed women through an online survey. Correlational analyses and hierarchical multiple regression were conducted. Findings indicated that work-life balance had positive effects on life satisfaction across two different cultures. Those effects were stronger for British than Spanish women. Moderating effects were not found. Although, work-life balance, collectivism individual-orientation, and feminine identity predicted life satisfaction in the UK and only work-life balance predicted life satisfaction in Spain. This study extends the literature on work-life balance and life satisfaction relationship and the influence of culture, whilst also contributing to the under-researched area of the influence of gender identity on that relationship. The results might contribute to developing better strategies for promoting work-life balance

Keywords
work-life balance, life satisfaction, influence of culture, gender identity, individual-level orientations of collectivism

Resumen🔗

Las dificultades para conciliar el rol laboral y no laboral tienen un impacto negativo en la satisfacción con la vida de un individuo. Este estudio examina la relación entre la conciliación de la vida laboral-personal y la satisfacción con la vida en el Reino Unido y España. Asimismo, explora los efectos moderadores de orientaciones individuales de colectivismo e identidad de género. Las escalas utilizadas midieron la Conciliación de la vida laboral-personal, la Satisfacción con la vida, orientaciones de Colectivismo vs. Individualismo, e Identidad de género. El colectivismo/individualismo se midió y analizó a nivel individual en lugar de a nivel cultural. Los datos se obtuvieron de 52 mujeres británicas y 69 mujeres españolas, empleadas a tiempo completo, a través de un cuestionario en línea. Se realizaron análisis correlacionales y regresión múltiple jerárquica. Los resultados indicaron que la conciliación de la vida laboral-personal tenía efectos positivos en la satisfacción con la vida en dos culturas diferentes. Esos efectos fueron mayores en las mujeres británicas que en las españolas. Efectos moderadores no fueron encontrados. Sin embargo, la conciliación de la vida laboral-personal, orientación individual de colectivismo e identidad femenina predijeron la satisfacción con la vida en el Reino Unido, y solo, conciliación de la vida laboral-personal predijo satisfacción con la vida en España. Este estudio amplía la literatura sobre la relación entre conciliación de la vida laboral-personal y satisfacción con la vida y la influencia de la cultura, además de contribuir al área, poco investigada, de la influencia de la identidad de género en esa relación. Los resultados podrían contribuir al desarrollo de mejores estrategias para promover la conciliación de la vida laboral-personal.

Palabras clave
conciliación de la vida laboral y personal, satisfacción con la vida, influencia de la cultura, identidad de género, orientaciones individuales de colectivismo

Received
30 November 2020

Accepted
4 January 2021

Copyright
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Citation🔗

Valero Pizarro, I.; & Arman, G. (2021). The impact of collectivism orientation and gender identity on work-life balance and life satisfaction relationship: a UK – Spain comparison. Journal of Management and Business Education, 4(1), x-x. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2021.0004

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