Article

EXPLORING THE ENTREPRENEURIAL PROFILE, COMPETENCIES, INTENTIONS AND ATTITUDES🔗

EXPLORANDO EL PERFIL, LAS COMPETENCIAS, LAS INTENCIONES Y LAS ACTITUDES EMPRESARIALES🔗

English Full Article Citation
 

Author(s)🔗

Fernando Almeida , ISPGAYA and University of Porto, Portugal

https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2021.0014

Abstract🔗

Entrepreneurship education aims to contribute to the emergence of innovative skills, abilities, and competencies in people, in the most diverse sectors and branches of activity of contemporary society, regardless of the intention to establish a new start-up. This study explores the development of entrepreneurial competencies, intentions and attitudes offered by a higher education institution through the adoption of the eValueComp assessment tool. It offers significant contributions to the business education field particularly aimed at higher education professors who intend to place the student in a more active position and provide an entrepreneurial education, which will be useful for their future professional career. The findings revealed a significant increase of entrepreneurial competencies, general entrepreneurial attitudes, and perception of entrepreneurial feasibility. However, entrepreneurial intentions have evolved only marginally. Furthermore, the age and number of years of professional experience are two correlated factors that contribute to students having a greater perception of the risks associated with the entrepreneurship process.

Keywords
entrepreneurship, start-up, business, education, entrepreneurial competencies

Resumen🔗

La educación emprendedora tiene como objetivo contribuir a la aparición de habilidades, destrezas y competencias innovadoras en las personas, en los más diversos sectores y sectores de actividad de la sociedad contemporánea, independientemente de la intención de establecer una nueva empresa. Este estudio explora el desarrollo de las competencias, intenciones y actitudes empresariales que ofrece una institución de educación superior mediante la adopción de la herramienta de evaluación eValueComp. Ofrece importantes contribuciones al campo de la educación empresarial, especialmente dirigidas a los profesores de educación superior que pretenden colocar al estudiante en una posición más activa y proporcionarle una educación empresarial, que le será útil para su futura carrera profesional. Los resultados revelaron un aumento significativo de las competencias empresariales, las actitudes empresariales generales y la percepción de la viabilidad empresarial. Sin embargo, las intenciones empresariales sólo han evolucionado marginalmente. Además, la edad y el número de años de experiencia profesional son dos factores correlacionados que contribuyen a que los estudiantes tengan una mayor percepción de los riesgos asociados con el proceso emprendedor.

Palabras clave
empresariado, start-up, negocios, educación, competencias emprendedoras

Received
3 March 2021

Accepted
7 June 2021

Copyright
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Citation🔗

Almeida, F. (2021). Exploring the entrepreneurial profile, competencies, intentions and attitudes. Journal of Management and Business Education, 4(3), x-x. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2021.0014

References🔗

Almeida, F. (2018). Integration of Erasmus+ Students in Entrepreneurhsip Classes. Pupil: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning, 4(3), 101-119.

Andrews, J., & Higson, H. (2008). Graduate Employability, ‘Soft Skills’ Versus ‘Hard’ Business Knowledge: A European Study. Higher Education in Europe, 33(4), 411-422. https://doi.org/10.1080/03797720802522627

Bacigalupo, M., Kampylis, P., Punie, Y., & Van den Brande, L. (2016). EntreComp: The Entrepreneurship Competence Framework. EU Science Hub. https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2016.1150

Bae, T., Qian, S., Miao, C., & Fiet, J. (2014). The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta–Analytic Review. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(2), 217-254. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12095

Bot, L., Gossiaux, P., Rauch, C., & Tabiou, S. (2005). Learning by doing’: a teaching method for active learning in scientific graduate education. European Journal of Engineering Education, 30(1), 105-119. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790512331313868

Buzady, Z., & Almeida, F. (2019). FLIGBY – A Serious Game Tool to Enhance Motivation and Competencies in Entrepreneurship. Informatics, 6(3), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics6030027

Calzado-Barbero, M.; Fernández-Portillo, A.; & Almodóvar-González, M. (2019). Educación emprendedora en la universidad. Journal of Management and Business Education, 2(2), 127-159. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2019.0011

Ceylan, N. (2015). Fostering Learner Autonomy. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199, 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.491

Creswell, J. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Cuervo, A., Ribeiro, D., & Roig, S. (2007). Entrepreneurship: Concepts, Theory and Perspective. Berlim, Germany: Springer.

Cumming, D., & Zhan, F. (2018). International Entrepreneurship Education. Journal of Teachning in International Business, 29(3), 181-184.

Díez-Martín, F. (2019). Carta del Editor. Journal of Management and Business Education, 2(2), 66-68. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2019.0007

Dyer, J., Gregersen, H., & Christensen, C. (2008). Entrepreneur behaviors, opportunity recognition, and the origins of innovative ventures. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 2, 317-338. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.59

Fayolle, A., & DeGeorge, J. (2006). Attitudes, intentions and behavior: new approaches to evaluating entrepreneurship education. In Fayolle, A. and Klandt, H. (eds.) International Entrepreneurship Education: Issues and Newness. Edward Elgar Publising Limited, UK, 74-89. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781847201652.00011

Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2004). Using the theory of planned behaviour to assess entrepreneurship teaching programs: a first experimentation. Proceedings of the IntEnt2004 Conference, Naples, Italy, 1-12.

Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2015). The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Attitudes and Intention: Hysteresis and Persistence. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(1), 75-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12065

Fellnhofer K. (2017). Entrepreneurship education revisited: perceived entrepreneurial role models increase perceived behavioural control. International Journal of Learning and Change, 9(3), 260–283. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijlc.2017.086856

Fernández-Portillo, A. (2018). Aproximación a la educación emprendedora. Journal of Management and Business Education, 1(3), 182-189. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2018.0013

Fiore, E., Sansone, G., & Paolucci, E. (2019). Entrepreneurship Education in a Multidisciplinary Environment: Evidence from an Entrepreneurship Programme Held in Turin. Administrative Sciences, 9, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010028

Gabrielsson, J., & Politis, D. (2012). Work experience and the generation of new business ideas among entrepreneurs. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 18(1), 48-74. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552551211201376

Garcia-Rodríguez, F., Gil-Soto, E., & Ruiz-Rosa, I. (2012). New Methods in University Entrepreneurship Education: A Multidisciplinary Teams Approach. Creative Education, 3, 878-883. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2012.326132

Gerba, D. T. (2012). Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of business and engineering students in Ethiopia. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 3(2), 258-277. https://doi.org/10.1108/20400701211265036

Gurau, C. (2015). Business Education In The Present Society: Problems, Challenges And Solutions. Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, 1(2), 583-590.

Hahn, D., Minola, T., Van Gils, A., & Huybrechts, J. (2017). Entrepreneurial education and learning at universities: exploring multilevel contingencies. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 29(9-10), 945-974. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2017.1376542

Hamouda, A., & Ledwith, C. (2016). A Multidisciplinary Approach to Creating the Entrepreneurial Mindset Amongst Graduates. Irish Journal of Academic Practice, 5(1), 1-26.

Hazlina N., Ramayah, T., Wilson, C., & Kummerow, L. (2010). Is entrepreneurial competency and business success relationship contingent upon business environment?". International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(3), 182-203. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552551011042780

Hernandez, A., Fernandez-Mesa, A., & Edwards-Schachter, M. (2018). Team collaboration capabilities as a factor in startup success. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 13(4), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242018000400013

Johansen, V. (2014). Entrepreneurship Education and Academic Performance. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 58(3), 300-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2012.726642

Jones, C., & English, J. (2004). A contemporary approach to entrepreneurship education. Education + Training, 46(8/9), 416-423. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910410569533

Kampylis, P., Punie, Y. & Devine, J. (2015); Promoting Effective Digital-Age Learning - A European Framework for Digitally-Competent Educational Organisations. Available at: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC98209/jrc98209_r_digcomporg_final.pdf (accessed 25th August 2019).

Karmokar, S. (2016). Creative Entrepreneurship: Integrating Entrepreneurial Method and Experience of Learning by Doing. Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, 2, 80-88.

Kawshala, H. (2017). Theorizing the Concept of Core Competencies: An Integrative Model beyond Identification. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(2), 253-256.

Kuratko, D. (2016). Entrepreneurship: Theory, Process, and Practice. Nashville, TN: South-Western College Pub.

Küttim, M., Kallaste, M., Venesaar, U., & Kiis, A. (2014). Entrepreneurship Education at University Level and Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 110, 658-668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.910

Lin, S., & Xu, Z. (2017). The factors that influence the development of entrepreneurship education. Management Decision, 55(7), 1351-1370.

Magnani, G., & Zucchella, A. (2018). Uncertainty in Entrepreneurship and Management Studies: A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Business and Management, 13(3), 98-133. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v13n3p98

Millman, C., Li, Z., Matlay, H., & Wong, W. (2010). Entrepreneurship education and students' internet entrepreneurship intentions. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 17(4), 569-590. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626001011088732

Mitchelmore, S., & Rowley, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial competencies: a literature review and development agenda. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(2), 92-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552551011026995

Moberg, K. (2011). Evaluating Content Dimensions in Entrepreneurship Education. Copenhagen Business School. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1969852

Nandram, S., Mourmont, G., Smith, E., Heaton, D., & Bindlish, P. (2018). Understanding entrepreneurial decision-making by objectivizing subtle cues. Journal of Management, Spirituatily & Religion, 15(5), 398-423. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766086.2018.1503088

Neck, H., Greene, P., & Brush, C. (2014). Teaching Entrepreneurship: A Practice-Based Approach. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Pub.

Nsereko, I., Balunywa, W., Munene, J., Orobia, L., & Muhammed, N. (2018). Personal initiative: Its power in social entrepreneurial venture creation. Cogent Business & Management, 5, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2018.1443686

Parker, S. C. (2009). The economics of entrepreneurship. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Pomerol, J. (2018). Business uncertainty, corporate decision and startups. Journal of Decision Systems, 27, 32-37. https://doi.org/10.1080/12460125.2018.1460162

Queirós, A., Faria, D., & Almeida, F. (2017). Strengths and Limitations of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods. European Journal of Education Studies, 3(9), 369–387.

Rider, C., Thompson, P., Kacperczyk, A., & Tag, J. (2013). Experience and Entrepreneurship: A Career Transition Perspective. IFN Working Paper No. 970. Available at: http://www.ifn.se/wfiles/wp/wp970.pdf (accessed 28th August 2019).

Sá, M. J., & Serpa, S. (2018). Transversal Competencies: Their Importance and Learning Processes by Higher Education Students. Education Sciences, 8(126), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030126

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of management Review, 25(1), 217-226. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2000.2791611

Sousa, M. J. (2018). Entrepreneurship Skills Development in Higher Education Courses for Teams Leaders. Administrative Sciences, 8(18), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci8020018

Suarta, I., Suwintana, I., Sudhana, I., & Hariyanti, N. (2017). Employability skills required by the 21st-century workplace: a literature review of labour market demand. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 102, 337-342. https://doi.org/10.2991/ictvt-17.2017.58

Sundararajan, M. (2019). When the setting is right, ideas will flow- a business class case study. Journal of Management and Business Education, 2(1), 48- 65. https://doi.org/10.35564/jmbe.2019.0006

Taber, K. (2018). The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education. Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273-1296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-016-9602-2

Triola, M. (2017). Elementary Statistics. London, UK: Pearson Education.

Vázquez, J. L., Lanero, A., Gutierrez, P., & García, M. P. (2011). Fostering Entrepreneurship at the university: A Spanish empirical study. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 32(1), 252-276.

Volkmann, C. (2004). Entrepreneurial studies in higher education. Higher Education in Europe, 29(2), 177-185. https://doi.org/10.1080/0379772042000234802

Von Graevenitz, G., Harhoff, D., & Weber, R. (2010). The effects of entrepreneurship education. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 76(1), 90-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2010.02.015

Weber, R. (2012). Evaluating Entrepreneurship Education. Berlim, Germany: Springer.

Winkel, D., Vanevenhoven, J., Drago, W., & Clements, C. (2013). The structure and scope of entrepreneurship programs in higher education around the world. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 16, 15-29. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315857817-6