English Full Article Citation
Paper Selected at VII International Conference on Applied Innovation - IMAT 2021


Yi-Ju Wang , Providence University, Taiwan


The international mobility of university students is one of the bases to enhance international competitiveness. This study aims to further understand the trends in Taiwanese international education. The case study was conducted at Providence University (PU), which have practiced internationalized education for years. This study adopts qualitative methodologies: documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews. The article analyzes the perceptions of PU students about their experiences as participants in an international mobility process in Thailand. We conduct questionnaires and in-depth interviews with them, in order to understand the satisfaction of students in terms of motivation, funding resources, cultural communication, team cooperation, and cross-border learning. This study shows joining cross-border learning does greatly improve on international mobility, especially in the acceptance in another culture and global exploration. Through communication between different cultures, the students have an improved understanding of Thai people’s communication behaviour.

international mobility, university students, community participation, cross-border learning, mobility programs


La movilidad internacional de los estudiantes universitarios es una de las bases para capacitarlos en competitividad internacional. El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar las tendencias en la educación internacional taiwanesa por medio del estudio del caso de la Universidad de Providence (Taiwán), centro pionero que ha implementado desde hace años la internacionalización educativa. En este estudio se adoptan metodologías cualitativas: el análisis documental y la entrevistas semiestructurada. El artículo analiza las percepciones de los estudiantes de la Universidad de Providence, acerca de sus experiencias como participantes en un proceso de movilidad internacional en Tailandia. Realizamos cuestionarios y entrevistas en profundidad para investigar la satisfacción de los estudiantes en términos de motivación, recursos de financiación, comunicación cultural, cooperación de equipo y aprendizaje transfronterizo. El estudio muestra que las actividades del aprendizaje transfronteriza ha mejorado mucho la movilidad internacional, la aceptación de otras culturas y la exploración global. La comunicación entre diferentes culturas, ayuda a los estudiantes a mejorar la comprensión del comportamiento de los tailandeses.

Palabras clave
movilidad internacional, estudiantes universitarios, participación comunitaria, aprendizaje transfronterizo, programas de movilidad

15 January 2022

28 March 2022

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.


Wang, Y. J. (2022). The international mobility of Taiwanese students in Southeast Asia: The Case of a university in Taiwan. Journal of Management and Business Education, 5(2), 137-155.


Bowen, G. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27-40.

Choudaha, R. (2017). Three waves of international student mobility (1999-2020). Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 825-832.

Clarke, I., Flaherty, T. B., Wright, N. D. & McMillen, R. M. (2009). Student Intercultural Proficiency from Study Abroad Programs. Journal of Marketing Education, 31, 173 -181.

DeJonckheere, M. & Vaughn, L. M. (2019). Semistructured interviewing in primary care research: a balance of relationship and rigour. Fam Med Community Health, 7(2) : e000057.

Department of International and Cross-strait Education (DICE), Ministry of Education of Taiwan (2021). Statistics on the number of Taiwanese students studying abroad in major countries in the world. Retrieved from Result score too low

El‐Sayed Ebaid, I. (2020). Accounting students' perceptions on e-learning during the Covid- 19 pandemic: preliminary evidence from Saudi Arabia. Journal of Management and Business Education, 3(3), 236-249.

Executive Yuan, Taiwan (2016), “New Southbound Policy’ promotion plan launched”. Retrieved from

Green, B. F., Johansson, I., Rosser, M., Tengnah, C. & Segrott, J. (2008). Studying Abroad: A Multiple Case Study of Nursing Students' International Experiences. Nurse Education Today, 28, 981-992.

Hadis, B. F. (2005). Gauging the Impact of Study Abroad: How to Overcome the Limitations of a Single-cell Design. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30, 3-19.

Hallows, K., Wolf, P. P. & Marks, M. A. (2011). Short-term Study Abroad: A Transformational Approach to Global Business Education. Journal of International Education in Business, 4, 88-111.

Javed, B., Zainab, B., Zakai, S. N. & Malik, S. (2019). Perceptions of International Student Mobility: A Qualitative Case Study of Pakistan. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 6(2) , 269-287.

Kokko, R. (2011). Future Nurses' Cultural Competencies: What Are Their Learning Experiences During Exchange and Studies Abroad? A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Nursing Management, 19, 673-682.

Larsen, M. (2016). Internationalization of higher education: An analysis through spatial, network, and mobilities theories. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Larsen, M. A. & Tascón, C. (2018). Social Capital in Higher Education Partnerships: A Case Study of the Canada–Cuba University Partnership. Higher Education Policy, 33(1), 89-109.

Lin, A. F. Y. (2020). Internationalization initiatives of Taiwan’s higher education:a stepping stone to regional talent circulation or reproduction of unbalanced mobility scheme?. Higher Education Evaluation and Development, 14(2), 69-91.

Lin, M. D. (2016). The International Mobility Spectrum: Wise and Practical Actions. Monthly Journal of Educational Research, 271:4-16.

Mapp, S. C. (2012). Effect of Short-term Study Abroad Programs on Students' Cultural Adaptability. Journal of Social Work Education, 48, 727-737.

Martínez-Usarralde, M. J., Pausá, J. M., García-López, R. (2017). International Journal of Educational Development, 53,101-109. 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.01.001

Ministry of Education of Taiwan (2016). Global Mobility Initiative for Young Students, MOE of Taiwan, Taipei. Retrieved from

OECD (2019). Future of Education and Skills 2030. Retrieved from

Orahood, T., Kruze, L. & Pearson, D. E. (2004). The Impact of Study Abroad on Business Students' Career Goals. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary. Journal of Study Abroad, 10, 117-130.

Parey, M. & Waldinger, F. (2010). Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labour Mobility Market: Evidence from the Introduction of ERASMUS. Economic Journal, 121, 194-222.

Roy, A., Newman, A., Ellenberger, T. & Pyman, A. (2019). Outcomes of international student mobility programs: a systematic review and agenda for future research. Studies in Higher Education, 44 (9), 1630-1644.

Severino, S., Messina, R., & Llorent García, V. J. (2014). International student mobility: An identity development task. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(3), 89-103.

Szombatová, V. (2016). The semi-structured interview in foreign language education research. Retrived from

Tang, Y. & Li, S. M. (2019). How to strengthen the global mobility of university students. Taiwan Educational Review Monthly, 8(6), 18-22.

Tsai, S. M., Wang, Y. Y., Lee, Y. D. & Hong, S. T. (2020). Constructing and measuring of the critical success factors of college students' international mobility: Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Educational Research and Reviews, 15(7), 403-416.

Tuleja, E. A. (2008). Aspects of Intercultural Awareness Through an MBA Study Abroad Program: Going “Backstage”. Business Communication Quarterly, 71, 314-337. 10.1177/1080569908321471

UNESCO (2015). Science Report: Towards 2030, Paris: UNESCO Publishing. Retrieved from

UNESCO (2016), Global flow of the tertiary-level students. Retrieved from

Yin, R. K.(1994). Case Study Research :Design and Methods. Newbury Park, CA:Sage Publications.