English Full Article Citation
Paper Selected at International Conference on Innovative Education in Business and Economics (ICIEBE 2022)


Leticia Castaño Universidad de Valencia, Spain
José Emilio Farinós Universidad de Valencia, Spain
Ana M. Ibáñez Universidad de Valencia, Spain


Previous evidence concerning the unprecedented challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic and the restrictive measures adopted shows that the pandemic caused a mental health deterioration, i.e. an increase in anxiety, stress and depression among university students. In particular, women have been affected to a greater extent by anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder problems during Covid-19. Our goal is to study undergraduate learning performance from a gender perspective in the period when the restrictions due to COVID-19 were still in force (first semester of academic year 2020/21). We use the final grade of undergraduate students that sat the final exam in the first exam session of three final year elective courses of the Facultat d’Economia (Universitat de València) from the academic year 2013/14 until 2020/21, for which the teaching method did not change during the pandemic, i.e. for which face-to-face learning was maintained. Our results show a significant drop in the results obtained by students during the first semester of 2020-21 centered on low-achieving students. However, female students perform better than male students in this group. In addition, our evidence suggests that better performers are more resilient irrespective of the student’s gender.

COVID-19 pandemic; mental health; undergraduate student performance; gender


La evidencia previa en relación a los retos sin precedentes que ha traído consigo la pandemia de COVID-19 y las medidas restrictivas implementadas muestra que la pandemia provocó un deterioro de la salud mental, es decir, un aumento de la ansiedad, el estrés y la depresión entre los estudiantes universitarios. En especial, las mujeres se han visto más afectadas por los problemas de ansiedad, depresión y trastorno de estrés postraumático durante la COVID-19. Nuestro objetivo es estudiar el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de grado desde una perspectiva de género en el periodo en el que las restricciones por el COVID-19 estaban vigentes (primer semestre del curso académico 2020/21). Empleamos la nota final de los alumnos de grado que se presentaron a la primera convocatoria de tres asignaturas optativas de último curso de la Facultat d'Economia (Univesitat de València) desde el curso 2013/14 hasta el 2020/21, para los que el método de enseñanza no cambió durante la Pandemia, es decir, para los que se ha mantenido el aprendizaje presencial. Nuestros resultados muestran un empeoramiento significativo en los resultados obtenidos por los alumnos durante el primer semestre del curso 2020/21, centrado en los alumnos de más bajo rendimiento. Sin embargo, las alumnas obtienen mejores resultados que los alumnos en este grupo. Nuestra evidencia sugiere que los alumnos con mejor rendimiento son más resilientes, independientemente del sexo del alumno.

Palabras clave
Pandemia por COVID-19; salud mental; rendimiento de los estudiantes universitarios; género

30 June 2022

09 December 2022

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.


Castaño, L.; Farinos, J.E.; Ibañez, A.M. (2022). Sequelae of the Covid-19 pandemic in the performance of undergraduate students from a gender perspective. Journal of Management and Business Education, 5(4), 377-391.


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